Authenticating with a Credentials File

The 2.0 version of NATS server introduced the idea of decentralized authentication based on JSON Web Tokens (JWT). Clients interact with this new scheme using a user JWT and corresponding NKey private key. To help make connecting with a JWT easier, the client libraries support the concept of a credentials file. This file contains both the private key and the JWT and can be generated with the nsc tool. The contents will look like the following and should be protected because it contains a private key. This credentials file is unused and only for example purposes.

-----BEGIN NATS USER JWT-----
eyJ0eXAiOiJqd3QiLCJhbGciOiJlZDI1NTE5In0.eyJqdGkiOiJUVlNNTEtTWkJBN01VWDNYQUxNUVQzTjRISUw1UkZGQU9YNUtaUFhEU0oyWlAzNkVMNVJBIiwiaWF0IjoxNTU4MDQ1NTYyLCJpc3MiOiJBQlZTQk0zVTQ1REdZRVVFQ0tYUVM3QkVOSFdHN0tGUVVEUlRFSEFKQVNPUlBWV0JaNEhPSUtDSCIsIm5hbWUiOiJvbWVnYSIsInN1YiI6IlVEWEIyVk1MWFBBU0FKN1pEVEtZTlE3UU9DRldTR0I0Rk9NWVFRMjVIUVdTQUY3WlFKRUJTUVNXIiwidHlwZSI6InVzZXIiLCJuYXRzIjp7InB1YiI6e30sInN1YiI6e319fQ.6TQ2ilCDb6m2ZDiJuj_D_OePGXFyN3Ap2DEm3ipcU5AhrWrNvneJryWrpgi_yuVWKo1UoD5s8bxlmwypWVGFAA
------END NATS USER JWT------
************************* IMPORTANT *************************
NKEY Seed printed below can be used to sign and prove identity.
NKEYs are sensitive and should be treated as secrets.
-----BEGIN USER NKEY SEED-----
SUAOY5JZ2WJKVR4UO2KJ2P3SW6FZFNWEOIMAXF4WZEUNVQXXUOKGM55CYE
------END USER NKEY SEED------
*************************************************************

Given a creds file, a client can authenticate as a specific user belonging to a specific account:

Go
Java
JavaScript
Python
TypeScript
Go
nc, err := nats.Connect("127.0.0.1", nats.UserCredentials("path_to_creds_file"))
if err != nil {
log.Fatal(err)
}
defer nc.Close()
// Do something with the connection
Java
Options options = new Options.Builder().
server("nats://localhost:4222").
authHandler(Nats.credentials("path_to_creds_file")).
build();
Connection nc = Nats.connect(options);
// Do something with the connection
nc.close();
JavaScript
// credentials file contains the JWT and the secret signing key
let credsFile = path.join(confDir, 'credsfile.creds');
let nc = NATS.connect({
url: server.nats,
userCreds: credsFile
});
Python
nc = NATS()
async def error_cb(e):
print("Error:", e)
await nc.connect("nats://localhost:4222",
user_credentials="path_to_creds_file",
error_cb=error_cb,
)
# Do something with the connection
await nc.close()
TypeScript
// credentials file contains the JWT and the secret signing key
let credsFile = path.join(confDir, 'credsfile.creds');
let nc = await connect({
url: server.nats,
userCreds: credsFile
});
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