NATS implements a publish-subscribe message distribution model for one-to-many communication. A publisher sends a message on a subject and any active subscriber listening on that subject receives the message. Subscribers can also register interest in wildcard subjects that work a bit like a regular expression (but only a bit). This one-to-many pattern is sometimes called a fan-out.
Messages are composed of:
- 1.A subject.
- 2.A payload in the form of a byte array.
- 3.Any number of header fields.
- 4.An optional 'reply' address field.
Messages have a maximum size (which is set in the server configuration with
max_payload). The size is set to 1 MB by default, but can be increased up to 64 MB if needed (though we recommend keeping the max message size to something more reasonable like 8 MB).